Rates of tax
The standard rate of VAT remains 17.5%, or 7/47 of the consideration received for making a supply.
A lower rate of 5% (or 1/21 of the gross receipt) applies to supplies including domestic fuel and power, installation
of energy saving materials in houses, and some conversions of residential property.
A zero rate applies to a range of supplies including most food, books, new houses, and children's clothes.
Certain other supplies are exempt, which means no tax is charged to the customer, but the supplier cannot recover VAT on costs.
These include many land-related supplies, insurance, finance, education, health and welfare, and non-profit sports clubs.
An unregistered business must register if it has made £56,000 of taxable supplies in the last 12 months, up to any month
end, or if it expects to make £56,000 of taxable supplies in the next 30 days.
A registered business can deregister if it can satisfy Customs that taxable supplies in the next year will not exceed £54,000.
Small businesses with taxable turnover of up to £150,000 (£100,000 up to 9 April 2003) can opt to use the new
'flat-rate scheme'. A single rate, which varies with the type of business, is applied to all receipts, and no VAT is
claimed on costs.
Small businesses with taxable turnover of up to £600,000 can use the cash accounting scheme (only paying VAT to Customs when
customers have paid) and annual accounting scheme (filing a single VAT return each year instead of one every three months).
Scale charge for private use of fuel paid for by business
|0 - 1400cc
|1401cc - 2000cc
The figures are the net 'supply' and (in brackets) the VAT on it.
Returns and payments
Most VAT returns are prepared for three-month periods, and they are due (with any payment) by the end of the next month.